Concept of freedom within a framework of autonomous rationality

Authors: Pavlov-Pinus K.A. Published: 28.01.2019
Published in issue: #1(75)/2019  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2019-1-588  
Category: The Humanities in Technical University | Chapter: Philosophy Science  
Keywords: autonomous rationality, freedom, virtual ontology, arbitrariness, predetermination, models of autonomously rational behavior

The study introduces the concept of freedom within a context of autonomous rationality. On the one hand, freedom is considered in its opposition to pure accident, blind spontaneity and predetermination. On the other hand, the concept of freedom could be determined as a particular case of autonomous rationality. In this case, the very autonomy of the system appears to be an internal product of the system’s rationality. Such autonomy takes place whenever freedom of an act/solution is such that 1) the authorship of this rational act belongs to the acting system itself, and 2) the corresponding actualization was mediated by a “model of autonomously rational behavior”. Such a model must be rooted in a unique history of rational acts of the system under consideration. It plays a role of optics which makes it possible to “see” alternative scenarios. As for conscious creatures, this optics is based on appropriately developed notion of freedom

[1] Porus V.N. Paradoksalnaya ratsionalnost: (ocherki o nauchnoy ratsionalnosti) [Paradoxical rationality: essays on scientific rationality]. Moscow, URAO Publ., 1999, 122 p.
[2] Nikiforov A.L. Ratsionalnost i svoboda [Rationality and freedom]. In: Ratsionalnost kak predmet filosofskogo issledovaniya [Rationality as a subject of philosophical investigation]. Pruzhinin B.I., Shvyrev V.S., ed. Moscow, Institute of Philosophy RAS Publ., 1995, 225 p.
[3] Pavlov-Pinus K.A. Filosofskie problemy IT i kiberprostranstva — Philosophical problems of IT and Cyberspace, 2018, no. 2 (15). DOI: 10.17726/philIT.2018.2.15.4
[4] George F.H., Johnson L. Purposive behavior and teleological explanations. New York, London, Paris, Montreux, Tokyo, Gordon and Breach, 1985, 315 p.
[5] Hofstadter D. Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought. New York, Basic Books, 1995, 518 р.
[6] Hegel G.W.F. Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Basic Outline, Part 3. The Philosophy of Mind. Kessinger Publ., 2010, 132 p. [In Russ.: Hegel G.W.F. Entsiklopediya filosofskikh nauk. V 3 tomakh. Tom 3. Filosofiya dukha. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1977, 471 p.].